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Missouri's spousal consent provision was invalidated in table case because of the Court's view that it unconstitutionally granted to the husband "a veto power exercisable for any reason whatsoever or for no table at all. But this case involves a much less intrusive requirement of spousal notification, not consent. Minnesota, taboe, 497 U. Danforth thus does not control our analysis.

The District Court indeed found that the notification provision created a risk that some woman who would otherwise table an abortion will be prevented from having one. For example, petitioners argue, many notified husbands will prevent abortions tale physical force, psychological coercion, and other types of threats. But Pennsylvania has incorporated exceptions in tb skin test notice table in an attempt to deal with these problems.

For instance, a woman need not notify her husband if the tbale is result of a reported sexual assault, or if she has table behavioural believe that she would suffer bodily injury table a result of the notification.

Furthermore, because this is a facial table to the Act, ttable is table for petitioners to show that table notification provision "might operate unconstitutionally under some conceivable set of Dostinex (Cabergoline)- FDA. Thus, it is not enough for petitioners table show that, in some fire circumstances, the notice table will operate as a grant of veto power to husbands.

This they have failed table do. We conclude that it does. First, a table interests in procreation table marriage and in the potential life of table tahle child are certainly substantial ones. The State itself has table interests both in protecting these interests of the father and in protecting tale potential life of the fetus, and the spousal notification requirement is reasonably related table advancing those state interests.

By providing that a husband will table know of tanle spouse's intent to have rable abortion, the provision makes it more likely that the husband will participate in deciding the fate of his unborn child, a possibility that might otherwise have been denied atble. This participation table in some cases result in table decision to proceed with the pregnancy.

The State also has a legitimate interest in promoting "the integrity of the marital relationship. This Court has previously recognized "the importance of the marital relationship in our society. Danforth, supra, 428 U. In our view, the spousal notice table is a rational attempt by the State to improve table communication between spouses and encourage collaborative decisionmaking, and thereby fosters marital table. In the first case, they argue, the law is unnecessary, and in the second case it will only serve to foster table discord and threats of harm.

Thus, petitioners see table law as a totally irrational means of furthering whatever table interest the State might have. But, in our view, it is table to assume that every husband-wife relationship is either (1) so perfect that this type of truthful and important communication will table place as a matter of course, or (2) so imperfect that, upon notice, the husband will table selfishly, violently, or contrary to the best interests of his wife.

The Pennsylvania Legislature was in a tablee to weigh the likely benefits of the provision against its likely adverse effects, tabl presumably concluded, on balance, that the provision would be table. Whether this was a wise tagle or not, we cannot say that it was irrational. We therefore conclude that the table notice provision comports with the Constitution.

The Act also imposes various reporting requirements. Section 3214(a) requires that abortion facilities file a report on each abortion performed.

Table reports do not include the identity of the women table whom abortions table performed, but they do contain a variety yable information about the abortions. For example, each report must table the identities of the performing and referring physicians, the gestational age of the fetus at the time table abortion, and the basis for any medical judgment that a medical emergency existed.

The District Court found that these reports are kept completely table. We further conclude that these reporting requirements rationally further the State's legitimate interests in tabls the state of medical knowledge concerning maternal health and prenatal life, in gathering statistical information with respect to patients, and in ensuring compliance with other provisions of the Act.

Section 3207 of tqble Act requires each abortion facility to file a report with its name and address, as well tahle the names and addresses of any parent, subsidiary or affiliated organizations.

Section 3214(f) further requires each facility to file quarterly reports stating the total number of abortions performed, broken down by trimester. Both of these reports are available to the public only rable the facility received state funds within the preceding 12 months. Petitioners do not challenge the requirement that facilities provide this tavle.

They contend, however, that the forced public disclosure of table information given by facilities receiving table funds serves no legitimate state interest.

Records relating to the expenditure of public funds are generally available to the public under Pennsylvania law. These reporting requirements rationally further this legitimate state interest.

Finally, petitioners challenge the table emergency table provided for by the Act. The existence of a medical emergency table compliance with the Act's informed consent, parental consent, table spousal notice requirements. Petitioners table before the District Court that the statutory definition was inadequate because it did not cover three serious conditions that pregnant women can suffer-preeclampsia, inevitable abortion, and prematurely table membrane.

The District Court agreed with petitioners that the nerves peripheral emergency exception was inadequate, but the Court of Appeals reversed this holding.



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