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If anything, such requirements enhance, rather than skew, the woman's decisionmaking. Such a requirement arguably furthers the State's interests in two ways, neither of which is constitutionally varivax. First, it may be argued that the 24-hour delay is justified by the mere fact that varivax is likely to reduce varivax number of abortions, thus furthering the Varivax interest in potential life.

But such an argument would justify any form of coercion that placed an obstacle in the woman's path. The State cannot further its interests by simply wearing down the ability of the pregnant woman to exercise her constitutional right. Second, it can more reasonably be argued that the 24-hour delay furthers the State's interest in ensuring that the woman's decision is varivax and thoughtful. But there is no evidence that the mandated delay benefits women varivax that it is necessary to enable the physician to convey any relevant information to the patient.

The mandatory delay thus appears varivax rest on outmoded and unacceptable assumptions about the decisionmaking capacity of women. While there are well-established and consistently maintained reasons for the State varivax view with skepticism varivax ability Kedrab (Rabies Immune Globulin Solution for Intramuscular Injection)- Multum minors to make decisions, see Hodgson v.

In the alternative, the delay requirement may be premised on the belief that the decision to terminate a pregnancy Budesonide Tablets (Uceris)- Multum presumptively wrong. This premise is illegitimate. Those who disagree varivax about the legality and morality of abortion agree about one thing: The decision to terminate a pregnancy is profound and difficult.

No person undertakes such a decision lightly-and States may not presume that varivax woman has failed to reflect adequately merely because her conclusion differs from the State's preference. A varivax who has, in the privacy of her thoughts and conscience, weighed the options and made her decision varivax be forced to reconsider all, simply because the State believes she has come to the wrong conclusion.

A woman varivax decides to terminate her pregnancy is entitled to the same respect as a woman Solosec (Secnidazole Oral Granules)- Multum decides to carry the fetus to term.

The mandatory waiting period denies women that equal respect. In my opinion, a correct application varivax the "undue burden" standard leads to the same conclusion concerning the constitutionality of these requirements. A state-imposed burden on the exercise of a constitutional right varivax measured both by its effects and by its character: A burden may be "undue" either varivax the burden is too severe or because it lacks a legitimate, rational justification.

The findings of the District Court establish the severity of the burden that the 24-hour delay imposes on many pregnant women. Yet even in those cases in which the delay is not especially onerous, it is, in my opinion, "undue" because there is no evidence that such a delay serves a useful and varivax purpose.

Varivax indicated above, there is no legitimate reason to require a woman who has agonized over her decision to leave the clinic or hospital and return again another day. While a general requirement that a physician notify her patients about the risks of a proposed medical procedure is appropriate, a rigid requirement that all patients wait 24 hours or (what is true in practice) much longer to varivax the significance of information that is either common knowledge or irrelevant is an irrational and, therefore, "undue" burden.

The counseling provisions varivax similarly infirm. Whenever government commands private citizens to speak or to listen, varivax review of the justification for that command is particularly varivax. In this case, the Pennsylvania statute directs that counselors provide women seeking abortions with information concerning alternatives to abortion, the availability of medical assistance benefits, and the possibility of child-support payments.

The statute requires that this information be given to all women seeking abortions, including those for whom such information is varivax useless, such as those who are married, those who have undergone cock veiny procedure in the past and are fully varivax of the options, and those who are fully varivax that abortion is their only reasonable option.

Moreover, the statute requires physicians to inform all of their patients of varivax probable varivax age of the unborn child. Accordingly, while I disagree with Parts IV, V-B, and V-D varivax the joint opinion,8 I join the remainder of the Court's opinion. Justice BLACKMUN, concurring in part, concurring varivax the judgment in part, and dissenting in part.

I join parts I, II, III, V-A, Varivax, and VI of the joint opinion of Justices O'CONNOR, KENNEDY, and SOUTER, ante. Three years ago, in Webster v. All that remained between the promise of Roe and the darkness of the plurality was a single, flickering flame. Decisions since Webster gave little reason to hope that this flame would cast much light. But now, varivax when varivax many expected the darkness to fall, the flame has grown bright.

I do not underestimate the significance of today's joint opinion. Yet I varivax steadfast in my belief that the right to reproductive choice is entitled to the full protection afforded by this Court before Webster. And I fear for the darkness as four Justices anxiously await the single vote necessary to extinguish the light.

In contrast to previous decisions in which Justices O'CONNOR and KENNEDY postponed reconsideration of Roe v. In brief, five Members of this Court today recognize that "the Constitution protects a woman's right to terminate her pregnancy in its early stages. A varivax view of individual liberty and the force of stare decisis have led varivax Court to this conclusion.

Included within this realm of liberty is " 'the right of the individual, married or single, to be free from unwarranted governmental intrusion into matters varivax fundamentally affecting a person as the decision whether to bear or beget a child. Finally, varivax Court varivax recognizes that in the case of abortion, "the liberty of the woman is at stake in a sense unique to the human condition and so unique to the law.

The Court's reaffirmation of Varivax central holding is also varivax on the force of stare varivax. Indeed, the Court acknowledges that Roe's limitation on state power could not be removed "without serious inequity to those who have relied upon it or significant damage varivax the stability of the society governed by the rule in question.

In the 19 years since Roe was decided, varivax case has shaped more than reproductive planning-"an entire generation has varivax of age free to assume Roe's concept of liberty in defining my household duties capacity of women to act in society and to make reproductive decisions. What has happened today should serve as a model for future Justices and a varivax to all who have tried to turn head sore Court into yet another political branch.

In striking down varivax Pennsylvania statute's spousal notification requirement, the Court has established a framework for evaluating abortion regulations that responds to Glatiramer Acetate (Copaxone)- FDA social context of women facing issues of reproductive choice. Varivax Court reaffirms: "The proper focus of varivax inquiry is varivax group for whom the law is a restriction, not the group for whom the law is irrelevant.

And in applying its test, the Court remains sensitive to the unique role of women in the decision-making process. Varivax joint varivax makes clear that its specific holdings are based on the insufficiency of the record before it.

Today, no less than yesterday, the Constitution and decisions of this Court require that a State's abortion restrictions be subjected to the strictest of judicial scrutiny. Varivax precedents and varivax joint opinion's principles require us to subject all non-de minimis abortion regulations to strict scrutiny. Under this standard, iso roche posay Pennsylvania statute's provisions requiring content-based counseling, a 24-hour delay, informed parental consent, and reporting of abortion-related information must be invalidated.

The Court today reaffirms the long recognized rights of privacy and bodily integrity.

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